# Exchange-specific Notes¶

This page combines common gotchas and Information which are exchange-specific and most likely don't apply to other exchanges.

## Exchange configuration¶

Freqtrade is based on CCXT library that supports over 100 cryptocurrency exchange markets and trading APIs. The complete up-to-date list can be found in the CCXT repo homepage. However, the bot was tested by the development team with only a few exchanges. A current list of these can be found in the "Home" section of this documentation.

Feel free to test other exchanges and submit your feedback or PR to improve the bot or confirm exchanges that work flawlessly..

Some exchanges require special configuration, which can be found below.

### Sample exchange configuration¶

A exchange configuration for "binance" would look as follows:

"exchange": {
"name": "binance",
"key": "your_exchange_key",
"secret": "your_exchange_secret",
"ccxt_config": {},
"ccxt_async_config": {},
// ...


### Setting rate limits¶

Usually, rate limits set by CCXT are reliable and work well. In case of problems related to rate-limits (usually DDOS Exceptions in your logs), it's easy to change rateLimit settings to other values.

"exchange": {
"name": "kraken",
"key": "your_exchange_key",
"secret": "your_exchange_secret",
"ccxt_config": {"enableRateLimit": true},
"ccxt_async_config": {
"enableRateLimit": true,
"rateLimit": 3100
},


This configuration enables kraken, as well as rate-limiting to avoid bans from the exchange. "rateLimit": 3100 defines a wait-event of 3.1s between each call. This can also be completely disabled by setting "enableRateLimit" to false.

Note

Optimal settings for rate-limiting depend on the exchange and the size of the whitelist, so an ideal parameter will vary on many other settings. We try to provide sensible defaults per exchange where possible, if you encounter bans please make sure that "enableRateLimit" is enabled and increase the "rateLimit" parameter step by step.

## Binance¶

Server location and geo-ip restrictions

Please be aware that binance restrict api access regarding the server country. The currents and non exhaustive countries blocked are United States, Malaysia (Singapour), Ontario (Canada). Please go to binance terms > b. Eligibility to find up to date list.

Binance supports time_in_force.

Stoploss on Exchange

Binance supports stoploss_on_exchange and uses stop-loss-limit orders. It provides great advantages, so we recommend to benefit from it by enabling stoploss on exchange. On futures, Binance supports both stop-limit as well as stop-market orders. You can use either "limit" or "market" in the order_types.stoploss configuration setting to decide which type to use.

### Binance Blacklist recommendation¶

For Binance, it is suggested to add "BNB/<STAKE>" to your blacklist to avoid issues, unless you are willing to maintain enough extra BNB on the account or unless you're willing to disable using BNB for fees. Binance accounts may use BNB for fees, and if a trade happens to be on BNB, further trades may consume this position and make the initial BNB trade unsellable as the expected amount is not there anymore.

### Binance sites¶

Binance has been split into 2, and users must use the correct ccxt exchange ID for their exchange, otherwise API keys are not recognized.

• binance.com - International users. Use exchange id: binance.
• binance.us - US based users. Use exchange id: binanceus.

### Binance RSA keys¶

Freqtrade supports binance RSA API keys.

We recommend to use them as environment variable.

export FREQTRADE__EXCHANGE__SECRET="$(cat ./rsa_binance.private)"  They can however also be configured via configuration file. Since json doesn't support multi-line strings, you'll have to replace all newlines with \n to have a valid json file. // ... "key": "<someapikey>", "secret": "-----BEGIN PRIVATE KEY-----\nMIIEvQIBABACAFQA<...>s8KX8=\n-----END PRIVATE KEY-----" // ...  ### Binance Futures¶ Binance has specific (unfortunately complex) Futures Trading Quantitative Rules which need to be followed, and which prohibit a too low stake-amount (among others) for too many orders. Violating these rules will result in a trading restriction. When trading on Binance Futures market, orderbook must be used because there is no price ticker data for futures.  "entry_pricing": { "use_order_book": true, "order_book_top": 1, "check_depth_of_market": { "enabled": false, "bids_to_ask_delta": 1 } }, "exit_pricing": { "use_order_book": true, "order_book_top": 1 },  #### Binance futures settings¶ Users will also have to have the futures-setting "Position Mode" set to "One-way Mode", and "Asset Mode" set to "Single-Asset Mode". These settings will be checked on startup, and freqtrade will show an error if this setting is wrong. Freqtrade will not attempt to change these settings. ## Kraken¶ Stoploss on Exchange Kraken supports stoploss_on_exchange and can use both stop-loss-market and stop-loss-limit orders. It provides great advantages, so we recommend to benefit from it. You can use either "limit" or "market" in the order_types.stoploss configuration setting to decide which type to use. ### Historic Kraken data¶ The Kraken API does only provide 720 historic candles, which is sufficient for Freqtrade dry-run and live trade modes, but is a problem for backtesting. To download data for the Kraken exchange, using --dl-trades is mandatory, otherwise the bot will download the same 720 candles over and over, and you'll not have enough backtest data. Due to the heavy rate-limiting applied by Kraken, the following configuration section should be used to download data:  "ccxt_async_config": { "enableRateLimit": true, "rateLimit": 3100 },  Downloading data from kraken Downloading kraken data will require significantly more memory (RAM) than any other exchange, as the trades-data needs to be converted into candles on your machine. It will also take a long time, as freqtrade will need to download every single trade that happened on the exchange for the pair / timerange combination, therefore please be patient. rateLimit tuning Please pay attention that rateLimit configuration entry holds delay in milliseconds between requests, NOT requests\sec rate. So, in order to mitigate Kraken API "Rate limit exceeded" exception, this configuration should be increased, NOT decreased. ## Bittrex¶ ### Order types¶ Bittrex does not support market orders. If you have a message at the bot startup about this, you should change order type values set in your configuration and/or in the strategy from "market" to "limit". See some more details on this here in the FAQ. Bittrex also does not support VolumePairlist due to limited / split API constellation at the moment. Please use StaticPairlist. Other pairlists (other than VolumePairlist) should not be affected. ### Volume pairlist¶ Bittrex does not support the direct usage of VolumePairList. This can however be worked around by using the advanced mode with lookback_days: 1 (or more), which will emulate 24h volume. Read more in the pairlist documentation. ### Restricted markets¶ Bittrex split its exchange into US and International versions. The International version has more pairs available, however the API always returns all pairs, so there is currently no automated way to detect if you're affected by the restriction. If you have restricted pairs in your whitelist, you'll get a warning message in the log on Freqtrade startup for each restricted pair. The warning message will look similar to the following: [...] Message: bittrex {"success":false,"message":"RESTRICTED_MARKET","result":null,"explanation":null}"  If you're an "International" customer on the Bittrex exchange, then this warning will probably not impact you. If you're a US customer, the bot will fail to create orders for these pairs, and you should remove them from your whitelist. You can get a list of restricted markets by using the following snippet: import ccxt ct = ccxt.bittrex() lm = ct.load_markets() res = [p for p, x in lm.items() if 'US' in x['info']['prohibitedIn']] print(res)  ## Kucoin¶ Kucoin requires a passphrase for each api key, you will therefore need to add this key into the configuration so your exchange section looks as follows: "exchange": { "name": "kucoin", "key": "your_exchange_key", "secret": "your_exchange_secret", "password": "your_exchange_api_key_password", // ... }  Kucoin supports time_in_force. Stoploss on Exchange Kucoin supports stoploss_on_exchange and can use both stop-loss-market and stop-loss-limit orders. It provides great advantages, so we recommend to benefit from it. You can use either "limit" or "market" in the order_types.stoploss configuration setting to decide which type of stoploss shall be used. ### Kucoin Blacklists¶ For Kucoin, it is suggested to add "KCS/<STAKE>" to your blacklist to avoid issues, unless you are willing to maintain enough extra KCS on the account or unless you're willing to disable using KCS for fees. Kucoin accounts may use KCS for fees, and if a trade happens to be on KCS, further trades may consume this position and make the initial KCS trade unsellable as the expected amount is not there anymore. ## Huobi¶ Stoploss on Exchange Huobi supports stoploss_on_exchange and uses stop-limit orders. It provides great advantages, so we recommend to benefit from it by enabling stoploss on exchange. ## OKX (former OKEX)¶ OKX requires a passphrase for each api key, you will therefore need to add this key into the configuration so your exchange section looks as follows: "exchange": { "name": "okx", "key": "your_exchange_key", "secret": "your_exchange_secret", "password": "your_exchange_api_key_password", // ... }  Warning OKX only provides 100 candles per api call. Therefore, the strategy will only have a pretty low amount of data available in backtesting mode. Futures OKX Futures has the concept of "position mode" - which can be "Buy/Sell" or long/short (hedge mode). Freqtrade supports both modes (we recommend to use Buy/Sell mode) - but changing the mode mid-trading is not supported and will lead to exceptions and failures to place trades. OKX also only provides MARK candles for the past ~3 months. Backtesting futures prior to that date will therefore lead to slight deviations, as funding-fees cannot be calculated correctly without this data. ## Gate.io¶ Stoploss on Exchange Gate.io supports stoploss_on_exchange and uses stop-loss-limit orders. It provides great advantages, so we recommend to benefit from it by enabling stoploss on exchange.. Gate.io allows the use of POINT to pay for fees. As this is not a tradable currency (no regular market available), automatic fee calculations will fail (and default to a fee of 0). The configuration parameter exchange.unknown_fee_rate can be used to specify the exchange rate between Point and the stake currency. Obviously, changing the stake-currency will also require changes to this value. ## Bybit¶ Futures trading on bybit is currently supported for USDT markets, and will use isolated futures mode. Users with unified accounts (there's no way back) can create a Sub-account which will start as "non-unified", and can therefore use isolated futures. On startup, freqtrade will set the position mode to "One-way Mode" for the whole (sub)account. This avoids making this call over and over again (slowing down bot operations), but means that changes to this setting may result in exceptions and errors. As bybit doesn't provide funding rate history, the dry-run calculation is used for live trades as well. Stoploss on Exchange Bybit (futures only) supports stoploss_on_exchange and uses stop-loss-limit orders. It provides great advantages, so we recommend to benefit from it by enabling stoploss on exchange. On futures, Bybit supports both stop-limit as well as stop-market orders. You can use either "limit" or "market" in the order_types.stoploss configuration setting to decide which type to use. ## All exchanges¶ Should you experience constant errors with Nonce (like InvalidNonce), it is best to regenerate the API keys. Resetting Nonce is difficult and it's usually easier to regenerate the API keys. ## Random notes for other exchanges¶ • The Ocean (exchange id: theocean) exchange uses Web3 functionality and requires web3 python package to be installed: $ pip3 install web3


### Getting latest price / Incomplete candles¶

Most exchanges return current incomplete candle via their OHLCV/klines API interface. By default, Freqtrade assumes that incomplete candle is fetched from the exchange and removes the last candle assuming it's the incomplete candle.

Whether your exchange returns incomplete candles or not can be checked using the helper script from the Contributor documentation.

Due to the danger of repainting, Freqtrade does not allow you to use this incomplete candle.

However, if it is based on the need for the latest price for your strategy - then this requirement can be acquired using the data provider from within the strategy.

Advanced options can be configured using the _ft_has_params setting, which will override Defaults and exchange-specific behavior.

Available options are listed in the exchange-class as _ft_has_default.

For example, to test the order type FOK with Kraken, and modify candle limit to 200 (so you only get 200 candles per API call):

"exchange": {
"name": "kraken",
"_ft_has_params": {
"order_time_in_force": ["GTC", "FOK"],
"ohlcv_candle_limit": 200
}
//...
}


Warning

Please make sure to fully understand the impacts of these settings before modifying them.