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Data Downloading

Getting data for backtesting and hyperopt

To download data (candles / OHLCV) needed for backtesting and hyperoptimization use the freqtrade download-data command.

If no additional parameter is specified, freqtrade will download data for "1m" and "5m" timeframes for the last 30 days. Exchange and pairs will come from config.json (if specified using -c/--config). Otherwise --exchange becomes mandatory.

You can use a relative timerange (--days 20) or an absolute starting point (--timerange 20200101-). For incremental downloads, the relative approach should be used.

Tip: Updating existing data

If you already have backtesting data available in your data-directory and would like to refresh this data up to today, do not use --days or --timerange parameters. Freqtrade will keep the available data and only download the missing data. If you are updating existing data after inserting new pairs that you have no data for, use --new-pairs-days xx parameter. Specified number of days will be downloaded for new pairs while old pairs will be updated with missing data only. If you use --days xx parameter alone - data for specified number of days will be downloaded for all pairs. Be careful, if specified number of days is smaller than gap between now and last downloaded candle - freqtrade will delete all existing data to avoid gaps in candle data.

Usage

usage: freqtrade download-data [-h] [-v] [--logfile FILE] [-V] [-c PATH]
                               [-d PATH] [--userdir PATH]
                               [-p PAIRS [PAIRS ...]] [--pairs-file FILE]
                               [--days INT] [--new-pairs-days INT]
                               [--include-inactive-pairs]
                               [--timerange TIMERANGE] [--dl-trades]
                               [--exchange EXCHANGE]
                               [-t {1m,3m,5m,15m,30m,1h,2h,4h,6h,8h,12h,1d,3d,1w,2w,1M,1y} [{1m,3m,5m,15m,30m,1h,2h,4h,6h,8h,12h,1d,3d,1w,2w,1M,1y} ...]]
                               [--erase]
                               [--data-format-ohlcv {json,jsongz,hdf5}]
                               [--data-format-trades {json,jsongz,hdf5}]

optional arguments:
  -h, --help            show this help message and exit
  -p PAIRS [PAIRS ...], --pairs PAIRS [PAIRS ...]
                        Limit command to these pairs. Pairs are space-
                        separated.
  --pairs-file FILE     File containing a list of pairs to download.
  --days INT            Download data for given number of days.
  --new-pairs-days INT  Download data of new pairs for given number of days.
                        Default: `None`.
  --include-inactive-pairs
                        Also download data from inactive pairs.
  --timerange TIMERANGE
                        Specify what timerange of data to use.
  --dl-trades           Download trades instead of OHLCV data. The bot will
                        resample trades to the desired timeframe as specified
                        as --timeframes/-t.
  --exchange EXCHANGE   Exchange name (default: `bittrex`). Only valid if no
                        config is provided.
  -t {1m,3m,5m,15m,30m,1h,2h,4h,6h,8h,12h,1d,3d,1w,2w,1M,1y} [{1m,3m,5m,15m,30m,1h,2h,4h,6h,8h,12h,1d,3d,1w,2w,1M,1y} ...], --timeframes {1m,3m,5m,15m,30m,1h,2h,4h,6h,8h,12h,1d,3d,1w,2w,1M,1y} [{1m,3m,5m,15m,30m,1h,2h,4h,6h,8h,12h,1d,3d,1w,2w,1M,1y} ...]
                        Specify which tickers to download. Space-separated
                        list. Default: `1m 5m`.
  --erase               Clean all existing data for the selected
                        exchange/pairs/timeframes.
  --data-format-ohlcv {json,jsongz,hdf5}
                        Storage format for downloaded candle (OHLCV) data.
                        (default: `json`).
  --data-format-trades {json,jsongz,hdf5}
                        Storage format for downloaded trades data. (default:
                        `jsongz`).

Common arguments:
  -v, --verbose         Verbose mode (-vv for more, -vvv to get all messages).
  --logfile FILE        Log to the file specified. Special values are:
                        'syslog', 'journald'. See the documentation for more
                        details.
  -V, --version         show program's version number and exit
  -c PATH, --config PATH
                        Specify configuration file (default:
                        `userdir/config.json` or `config.json` whichever
                        exists). Multiple --config options may be used. Can be
                        set to `-` to read config from stdin.
  -d PATH, --datadir PATH
                        Path to directory with historical backtesting data.
  --userdir PATH, --user-data-dir PATH
                        Path to userdata directory.

Startup period

download-data is a strategy-independent command. The idea is to download a big chunk of data once, and then iteratively increase the amount of data stored.

For that reason, download-data does not care about the "startup-period" defined in a strategy. It's up to the user to download additional days if the backtest should start at a specific point in time (while respecting startup period).

Pairs file

In alternative to the whitelist from config.json, a pairs.json file can be used. If you are using Binance for example:

  • create a directory user_data/data/binance and copy or create the pairs.json file in that directory.
  • update the pairs.json file to contain the currency pairs you are interested in.
mkdir -p user_data/data/binance
touch user_data/data/binance/pairs.json

The format of the pairs.json file is a simple json list. Mixing different stake-currencies is allowed for this file, since it's only used for downloading.

[
    "ETH/BTC",
    "ETH/USDT",
    "BTC/USDT",
    "XRP/ETH"
]

Downloading all data for one quote currency

Often, you'll want to download data for all pairs of a specific quote-currency. In such cases, you can use the following shorthand: freqtrade download-data --exchange binance --pairs .*/USDT <...>. The provided "pairs" string will be expanded to contain all active pairs on the exchange. To also download data for inactive (delisted) pairs, add --include-inactive-pairs to the command.

Permission denied errors

If your configuration directory user_data was made by docker, you may get the following error:

cp: cannot create regular file 'user_data/data/binance/pairs.json': Permission denied

You can fix the permissions of your user-data directory as follows:

sudo chown -R $UID:$GID user_data

Start download

Then run:

freqtrade download-data --exchange binance

This will download historical candle (OHLCV) data for all the currency pairs you defined in pairs.json.

Alternatively, specify the pairs directly

freqtrade download-data --exchange binance --pairs ETH/USDT XRP/USDT BTC/USDT

or as regex (to download all active USDT pairs)

freqtrade download-data --exchange binance --pairs .*/USDT

Other Notes

  • To use a different directory than the exchange specific default, use --datadir user_data/data/some_directory.
  • To change the exchange used to download the historical data from, please use a different configuration file (you'll probably need to adjust rate limits etc.)
  • To use pairs.json from some other directory, use --pairs-file some_other_dir/pairs.json.
  • To download historical candle (OHLCV) data for only 10 days, use --days 10 (defaults to 30 days).
  • To download historical candle (OHLCV) data from a fixed starting point, use --timerange 20200101- - which will download all data from January 1st, 2020. Eventually set end dates are ignored.
  • Use --timeframes to specify what timeframe download the historical candle (OHLCV) data for. Default is --timeframes 1m 5m which will download 1-minute and 5-minute data.
  • To use exchange, timeframe and list of pairs as defined in your configuration file, use the -c/--config option. With this, the script uses the whitelist defined in the config as the list of currency pairs to download data for and does not require the pairs.json file. You can combine -c/--config with most other options.

Data format

Freqtrade currently supports 3 data-formats for both OHLCV and trades data:

  • json (plain "text" json files)
  • jsongz (a gzip-zipped version of json files)
  • hdf5 (a high performance datastore)

By default, OHLCV data is stored as json data, while trades data is stored as jsongz data.

This can be changed via the --data-format-ohlcv and --data-format-trades command line arguments respectively. To persist this change, you can should also add the following snippet to your configuration, so you don't have to insert the above arguments each time:

    // ...
    "dataformat_ohlcv": "hdf5",
    "dataformat_trades": "hdf5",
    // ...

If the default data-format has been changed during download, then the keys dataformat_ohlcv and dataformat_trades in the configuration file need to be adjusted to the selected dataformat as well.

Note

You can convert between data-formats using the convert-data and convert-trade-data methods.

Sub-command convert data

usage: freqtrade convert-data [-h] [-v] [--logfile FILE] [-V] [-c PATH]
                              [-d PATH] [--userdir PATH]
                              [-p PAIRS [PAIRS ...]] --format-from
                              {json,jsongz,hdf5} --format-to
                              {json,jsongz,hdf5} [--erase]
                              [-t {1m,3m,5m,15m,30m,1h,2h,4h,6h,8h,12h,1d,3d,1w,2w,1M,1y} [{1m,3m,5m,15m,30m,1h,2h,4h,6h,8h,12h,1d,3d,1w,2w,1M,1y} ...]]

optional arguments:
  -h, --help            show this help message and exit
  -p PAIRS [PAIRS ...], --pairs PAIRS [PAIRS ...]
                        Show profits for only these pairs. Pairs are space-
                        separated.
  --format-from {json,jsongz,hdf5}
                        Source format for data conversion.
  --format-to {json,jsongz,hdf5}
                        Destination format for data conversion.
  --erase               Clean all existing data for the selected
                        exchange/pairs/timeframes.
  -t {1m,3m,5m,15m,30m,1h,2h,4h,6h,8h,12h,1d,3d,1w,2w,1M,1y} [{1m,3m,5m,15m,30m,1h,2h,4h,6h,8h,12h,1d,3d,1w,2w,1M,1y} ...], --timeframes {1m,3m,5m,15m,30m,1h,2h,4h,6h,8h,12h,1d,3d,1w,2w,1M,1y} [{1m,3m,5m,15m,30m,1h,2h,4h,6h,8h,12h,1d,3d,1w,2w,1M,1y} ...]
                        Specify which tickers to download. Space-separated
                        list. Default: `1m 5m`.

Common arguments:
  -v, --verbose         Verbose mode (-vv for more, -vvv to get all messages).
  --logfile FILE        Log to the file specified. Special values are:
                        'syslog', 'journald'. See the documentation for more
                        details.
  -V, --version         show program's version number and exit
  -c PATH, --config PATH
                        Specify configuration file (default:
                        `userdir/config.json` or `config.json` whichever
                        exists). Multiple --config options may be used. Can be
                        set to `-` to read config from stdin.
  -d PATH, --datadir PATH
                        Path to directory with historical backtesting data.
  --userdir PATH, --user-data-dir PATH
                        Path to userdata directory.
Example converting data

The following command will convert all candle (OHLCV) data available in ~/.freqtrade/data/binance from json to jsongz, saving diskspace in the process. It'll also remove original json data files (--erase parameter).

freqtrade convert-data --format-from json --format-to jsongz --datadir ~/.freqtrade/data/binance -t 5m 15m --erase

Sub-command convert trade data

usage: freqtrade convert-trade-data [-h] [-v] [--logfile FILE] [-V] [-c PATH]
                                    [-d PATH] [--userdir PATH]
                                    [-p PAIRS [PAIRS ...]] --format-from
                                    {json,jsongz,hdf5} --format-to
                                    {json,jsongz,hdf5} [--erase]

optional arguments:
  -h, --help            show this help message and exit
  -p PAIRS [PAIRS ...], --pairs PAIRS [PAIRS ...]
                        Show profits for only these pairs. Pairs are space-
                        separated.
  --format-from {json,jsongz,hdf5}
                        Source format for data conversion.
  --format-to {json,jsongz,hdf5}
                        Destination format for data conversion.
  --erase               Clean all existing data for the selected
                        exchange/pairs/timeframes.

Common arguments:
  -v, --verbose         Verbose mode (-vv for more, -vvv to get all messages).
  --logfile FILE        Log to the file specified. Special values are:
                        'syslog', 'journald'. See the documentation for more
                        details.
  -V, --version         show program's version number and exit
  -c PATH, --config PATH
                        Specify configuration file (default:
                        `userdir/config.json` or `config.json` whichever
                        exists). Multiple --config options may be used. Can be
                        set to `-` to read config from stdin.
  -d PATH, --datadir PATH
                        Path to directory with historical backtesting data.
  --userdir PATH, --user-data-dir PATH
                        Path to userdata directory.
Example converting trades

The following command will convert all available trade-data in ~/.freqtrade/data/kraken from jsongz to json. It'll also remove original jsongz data files (--erase parameter).

freqtrade convert-trade-data --format-from jsongz --format-to json --datadir ~/.freqtrade/data/kraken --erase

Sub-command trades to ohlcv

When you need to use --dl-trades (kraken only) to download data, conversion of trades data to ohlcv data is the last step. This command will allow you to repeat this last step for additional timeframes without re-downloading the data.

usage: freqtrade trades-to-ohlcv [-h] [-v] [--logfile FILE] [-V] [-c PATH]
                                 [-d PATH] [--userdir PATH]
                                 [-p PAIRS [PAIRS ...]]
                                 [-t {1m,3m,5m,15m,30m,1h,2h,4h,6h,8h,12h,1d,3d,1w,2w,1M,1y} [{1m,3m,5m,15m,30m,1h,2h,4h,6h,8h,12h,1d,3d,1w,2w,1M,1y} ...]]
                                 [--exchange EXCHANGE]
                                 [--data-format-ohlcv {json,jsongz,hdf5}]
                                 [--data-format-trades {json,jsongz,hdf5}]

optional arguments:
  -h, --help            show this help message and exit
  -p PAIRS [PAIRS ...], --pairs PAIRS [PAIRS ...]
                        Limit command to these pairs. Pairs are space-
                        separated.
  -t {1m,3m,5m,15m,30m,1h,2h,4h,6h,8h,12h,1d,3d,1w,2w,1M,1y} [{1m,3m,5m,15m,30m,1h,2h,4h,6h,8h,12h,1d,3d,1w,2w,1M,1y} ...], --timeframes {1m,3m,5m,15m,30m,1h,2h,4h,6h,8h,12h,1d,3d,1w,2w,1M,1y} [{1m,3m,5m,15m,30m,1h,2h,4h,6h,8h,12h,1d,3d,1w,2w,1M,1y} ...]
                        Specify which tickers to download. Space-separated
                        list. Default: `1m 5m`.
  --exchange EXCHANGE   Exchange name (default: `bittrex`). Only valid if no
                        config is provided.
  --data-format-ohlcv {json,jsongz,hdf5}
                        Storage format for downloaded candle (OHLCV) data.
                        (default: `json`).
  --data-format-trades {json,jsongz,hdf5}
                        Storage format for downloaded trades data. (default:
                        `jsongz`).

Common arguments:
  -v, --verbose         Verbose mode (-vv for more, -vvv to get all messages).
  --logfile FILE        Log to the file specified. Special values are:
                        'syslog', 'journald'. See the documentation for more
                        details.
  -V, --version         show program's version number and exit
  -c PATH, --config PATH
                        Specify configuration file (default:
                        `userdir/config.json` or `config.json` whichever
                        exists). Multiple --config options may be used. Can be
                        set to `-` to read config from stdin.
  -d PATH, --datadir PATH
                        Path to directory with historical backtesting data.
  --userdir PATH, --user-data-dir PATH
                        Path to userdata directory.

Example trade-to-ohlcv conversion

freqtrade trades-to-ohlcv --exchange kraken -t 5m 1h 1d --pairs BTC/EUR ETH/EUR

Sub-command list-data

You can get a list of downloaded data using the list-data sub-command.

usage: freqtrade list-data [-h] [-v] [--logfile FILE] [-V] [-c PATH] [-d PATH]
                           [--userdir PATH] [--exchange EXCHANGE]
                           [--data-format-ohlcv {json,jsongz,hdf5}]
                           [-p PAIRS [PAIRS ...]]

optional arguments:
  -h, --help            show this help message and exit
  --exchange EXCHANGE   Exchange name (default: `bittrex`). Only valid if no
                        config is provided.
  --data-format-ohlcv {json,jsongz,hdf5}
                        Storage format for downloaded candle (OHLCV) data.
                        (default: `json`).
  -p PAIRS [PAIRS ...], --pairs PAIRS [PAIRS ...]
                        Show profits for only these pairs. Pairs are space-
                        separated.

Common arguments:
  -v, --verbose         Verbose mode (-vv for more, -vvv to get all messages).
  --logfile FILE        Log to the file specified. Special values are:
                        'syslog', 'journald'. See the documentation for more
                        details.
  -V, --version         show program's version number and exit
  -c PATH, --config PATH
                        Specify configuration file (default:
                        `userdir/config.json` or `config.json` whichever
                        exists). Multiple --config options may be used. Can be
                        set to `-` to read config from stdin.
  -d PATH, --datadir PATH
                        Path to directory with historical backtesting data.
  --userdir PATH, --user-data-dir PATH
                        Path to userdata directory.

Example list-data

> freqtrade list-data --userdir ~/.freqtrade/user_data/

Found 33 pair / timeframe combinations.
pairs       timeframe
----------  -----------------------------------------
ADA/BTC     5m, 15m, 30m, 1h, 2h, 4h, 6h, 12h, 1d
ADA/ETH     5m, 15m, 30m, 1h, 2h, 4h, 6h, 12h, 1d
ETH/BTC     5m, 15m, 30m, 1h, 2h, 4h, 6h, 12h, 1d
ETH/USDT    5m, 15m, 30m, 1h, 2h, 4h

Trades (tick) data

By default, download-data sub-command downloads Candles (OHLCV) data. Some exchanges also provide historic trade-data via their API. This data can be useful if you need many different timeframes, since it is only downloaded once, and then resampled locally to the desired timeframes.

Since this data is large by default, the files use gzip by default. They are stored in your data-directory with the naming convention of <pair>-trades.json.gz (ETH_BTC-trades.json.gz). Incremental mode is also supported, as for historic OHLCV data, so downloading the data once per week with --days 8 will create an incremental data-repository.

To use this mode, simply add --dl-trades to your call. This will swap the download method to download trades, and resamples the data locally.

do not use

You should not use this unless you're a kraken user. Most other exchanges provide OHLCV data with sufficient history.

Example call:

freqtrade download-data --exchange kraken --pairs XRP/EUR ETH/EUR --days 20 --dl-trades

Note

While this method uses async calls, it will be slow, since it requires the result of the previous call to generate the next request to the exchange.

Warning

The historic trades are not available during Freqtrade dry-run and live trade modes because all exchanges tested provide this data with a delay of few 100 candles, so it's not suitable for real-time trading.

Kraken user

Kraken users should read this before starting to download data.

Next step

Great, you now have backtest data downloaded, so you can now start backtesting your strategy.